Today’s LiveWire Spotlight evaluates two Lessons Learned where digital systems used to monitor and control electric system components operated improperly. Both offer recommendations that look for design engineers to question their assumptions made during the deployment of new digitally-based systems and upgrades.

Situational awareness and relay Misoperations are two of NERC’s top reliability concerns. Severe penalties may be applied if Registered Entities do not act upon these Lessons Learned – and may even lead to the development of new standards.